Warsaw, 1 March 1946. Judge Stanisław Rybiński, delegated to the Commission for the Investigation of German Crimes in Poland, heard as a witness the person specified below. Having been advised of the criminal liability for making false declarations and of the importance of the oath, the witness was sworn and testified as follows:

Name and surname Józef Wieczorek
Date of birth 18 November 1891
Parents’ names Józef and Franciszka née Stachurska
Occupation pensioner
Education Higher School of Commerce graduate
Place of residence Warsaw, Stalowa Street 46, flat 16
Religious affiliation Roman Catholic
Criminal record none

I came to the Commission’s office as I have read a proclamation in the papers. To prove my identity, I present my Kennkarte no. 156519 (the witness produces it). At the outbreak of the war in 1939, I was in Kobyłka, a village near Warsaw. After the surrender in October 1939, I came back to my permanent place of residence in Warsaw, where I also live now. I submit four copies of German posters with lists of the Poles executed in public executions and three memoranda concerning these executions. At that time, when the Germans were placing the posters on the walls of Warsaw, I was trying to copy them as accurately as possible. I could not, however, copy all of them, as there were too many. Sometimes I would just take down the date of the execution and the number of victims (submitted). As for myself, generally I was not being persecuted by the Germans. However, there was one such event.

At the very beginning of November 1939, when I was leaving home, I noticed an armed sentinel walking in front of some German office opposite my house. I looked at him and tapped my finger on my forehead. He was so enraged at that gesture that he came at me, arrested me and brought me to his office, and then he resumed his post. Other soldiers, who learned from him what it was all about, told me to clean the office, to wash the floor and the toilets in the latrine, and on the top of that they beat me about the body and the head (once) so violently that I lost consciousness. I admit that I had been imprudent, and when they had asked me why I had tapped my finger on my forehead, I had told them that I was displeased that they had entered a country that was not theirs. At first they forced me to carry a heavy wheelbarrow with rocks, and then, as I have already mentioned, to clean the kitchen and the toilets.

I would like to add that my wife’s nephew, major Stanisław Juszkiewicz, a Polish Army officer in active service, did not register, although the Germans demanded this. When they learned that he was an officer, they incarcerated him in Cracow, kept him in prison for a long time and finally executed him.

The report was read out. Warsaw, 1 March 1946
Józef Wieczorek
Warsaw-Praga, Stalowa Street 46, flat 16

To the Main Commission
for the Investigation of German Crimes in Poland
The building of the municipal courts, room 643, 6th floor
Leszno Street 53
in Warsaw

I submit five copies of announcements which I have copied out myself, with 252 (two hundred fifty two) names of people executed by the Germans. In the announcement of 1 December 1943, which I did not copy, I noticed the name of a friend, E. Ciurlik. E. Ciurlik, born in 1892 or 1891, was the son of a folk school teacher in Kazimierza Wielka village, in the Miechów or Pińczów district in the Kielce Voivodeship.

Finally, I would like to add that in 1939, in Kobyłka, a village near Warsaw, I read a short decree, threatening collective responsibility for any anti-German acts.


On 13 November 1943, two German soldiers were robbed and seriously injured with many shots near the West Railway Station in Warsaw [...]. On 15 November 1943, one German soldier at Białołęcka Street and one SS soldier at Różana Street were both ignobly assaulted and injured.

Therefore, I ordered that the following people, who had been sentenced by a summary court but were to be reprieved, be executed on 17 November 1943 in a public execution.

1. Sterniński Witold born on 9.5.1925

2. Modrzewski Franciszek 1.8.1924
3. Miziarski Jan 22.5.1924

4. Rękowski Jan 9.1.1925

5. Fijałkowski Lech 5.7.1925

6. Durlik Ryszard 17.1.1925

7. Podhorecki Roman 31.12.1919

8. Skrzypczyński Władysław 18.3.1916

9. Wilkoszewski Wacław 27.6.1907

10. Olejnicki Władysław 2.6.1828

11. Dąbrowski Eugeniusz 29.8.1914

12. Miszewski Władysław 11.1.1921

13. Sawicki Andrzej 12.1.1914

14. Lipczyński Wiesław 29.1.1922

15. Leśniewski Wacław 28.5.1906

16. Horwath Bohdan 20.9.1922

17. Polkowski Zygmunt 12.8.1916

18. Wardziński Antoni 23.6.1915

19. Karolak Eugeniusz 7.3.1905

20. Wardziński Bartłomiej 3.6.1923

21. Malec Adam 31.5.1920

22. BiriukowWładymir 1.10.1909

23. Borawski Mieczysław 5.3.1922

24. Duda Henryk Jan 5.2.1923

25. Pawłowski Stanisław 16.6.1923

26. Suchecki Henryk 26.8.1914

27. Carewicz Jan 14.4.1914
28. Zarzycki Stefan 12.8.1921

29. Zieziulewicz Kazimierz 3.12.1913

30. Okoński Andrzej 22.10.1924

31. Tarkowski Bogusław 9.11.1914

32. Wojciechowski Kazimierz 4.3.1908

33. Gryczuk Zbigniew 11.3.1920

34. Buczkowski Józef 1.4.1904

35. Kryński Kazimierz 1.12.1885

36. Trociński Walenty 16.2.1903

37. Smolik Bernardyn Marian 20.5.1922

38. Szeszko Leon 20.2.1907

39. Sopoćko Zbigniew 4.9.1927

40. Lemańczyk Edmund 15.2.1903

Further, the following people were condemned to death on 16 November 1943 by the summary court of the Security Police for firearms possession and membership in illegal organizations, pursuant to Art. 1 and 2 of a decree of 2 October 1943 on combating offences against the reconstruction work in the General Government.

1. [Zięcie]lski Feliks [?] born on 16.9.1916

2. Siemnowicz Wiktor 21.5.1923

3. Kowalski Feliks 29.5.1893

4. Klimowicz Wiesław 23.12.1922

5. Kowalski Józef 7.2.1890

6. Bedyk Franciszek 23.10.1899

7. Biłat Eustachiusz 14.4.1912

8. Hankus Karol 24.5.1893

9. Grzybowski Zygmunt 2.5.1912

10. Kucharski Stanisław 6.1.1892

11. Mazulak Władysław 21.2.1902

12. Reda Jerzy 14.6.1908

13. Skibiński Jerzy 6.6.1909

14. Wereszczaka Witold 12.12.1914

15. Cybulski Tadeusz 1.8.1899

16. Kądziela Julian 22.10.1921

17. Hejncz Zbigniew 2.3.1925

18. Zaleczny Eugeniusz 4.1.1925

19. Sienkowski Jan 2.4.1900

20. Goryński Ludwik 7.6.1908

21. Rybicki Kazimierz 30.11.1884

22. Rudziński Wiesław 2.6.1918

23. Szczepański Stanisław 4.10.1924

24. Kowalski Antoni 17.1.1924

25. Mańkowski Edmund 21.10.1903

26. Zycki Władysław 20.6.1920

27. Pieta Franciszek 9.12.1905

28. Bicz Hieronim 8.6.1925

29. Kułakowski Józef 16.10.1920

30. Kułakowski Jan 14.5.1908

31. Siwek Władysław 15.8.1900

32. Chmiel Roman 14.2.1908

33. Kułakowski Józef 13.3.1913
Of the above listed, those assigned the numbers from 1 to 3 had already been executed for
firearms possession and membership in terrorist groups. Those assigned the numbers from
4 to 33 are to be reprieved. Should any acts of violence occur during the following three
months in the city of Warsaw or in the starosty of the Warsaw district, especially assaults
on Germans, citizens of countries allied with the Greater German Reich, or on Germans
working for the reconstruction in the General Government, and should the perpetrators not
be arrested immediately, the sentence will be promptly carried out on those who are to be
reprieved, in the following manner: for each assault on such a person as mentioned above,
the reprieve will be cancelled for at least 10 convicts.

Should the crime be committed by communist elements, the communists will be excluded from reprieve from among the group of people mentioned above, and should the crime be committed by other people who had been brought astray, people who are closest to them in a political sense will be excluded from the list of people who are to be reprieved. It is, therefore, in the hands of the German people [sic] to save those who are to be reprieved from execution, by immediate arrest or bringing about the arrest of the perpetrators, or by exerting an influence over known criminal elements, or finally by denouncing suspects.

Warsaw, 18 November 1943

SS Commander – and Police Commander
for the Warsaw district

Announcement 63
Lublin, 23 November 1943
24 deaths
100 hostages

Warsaw, 1 December 1943
20 deaths
Eugeniusz Ciurlik
Warsaw, 30 November 1943
30 deaths; 50 hostages

Warsaw, 15 December 1943
270 deaths

Warsaw, 20 December 1943
20 deaths; 23 hostages

Warsaw; 3 January 1944
40 deaths; 23 hostagesAnnouncement

70 Poles, who had been recently assaulting Germans with firearms, had been in possession of firearms for this purpose, or had been helping the perpetrators, were condemned to death by the summary court, pursuant to Art. 1,2,3,4,5,6,8 and 9 II of a Decree of 26 November 1941 on combating crime in the General Government and Art. 2,3 of a Decree on possession of firearms in the General Government. The sentence was executed.

Warsaw, 12 February 1943

Der Höhere SS-und Polizeiführer im Generalgourernement, der Staatssekretär für das Sicherheitswesen
SS-Obergruppenführer u. General der PolizeigesKrüger

Warsaw, 27 December 1943
40 deaths; 63 hostages
Warsaw, 10 December 1943
20 deaths; 107 hostages

Warsaw, 2 December 1943
30 deaths, 30 hostages

Warsaw, 3 December 1943
100 deaths

Despite many appeals, on 19 November 1943, assaults on Germans and people in the German service were again committed. A few soldiers were seriously injured in an express train near the East Railway Station in Warsaw, and one Wehrmacht soldier was injured with revolver shots at Nasielska Street.

Therefore, I ordered that the following 20 criminals, who had been sentenced by a summary court of the Security Police and were to be reprieved, be publicly executed on 24 November 1943.

1. Klimowicz Wiesław born on 23.12.1922

2. Hemkus [?] Karol 24.5.1893

3. Grzybowski Zygmunt 2.5.1912

4. Kucharski Stanisław 6.1.1892

5. Mazulak Władysław 21.2.1902

6. Reda Jerzy 14.6.1908

7. Skibiński Jerzy 6.6.1909

8. Wereszczak Witold 12.12.1914
9. Kądziela Julian 22.10.1921

10. Hejncz Zbigniew 2.3.1925

11. Zaleczny Eugeniusz 4.1.1925

12. Sienkowski Jan 2.4.1900

13. Goryński Ludwik 7.6.1908

14. Rybicki Kazimierz 30.11.1884

15. Rudziński Wiesław 2.6.1918

16. Szczepański Stanisław 4.10.1924

17. Kowalski Antoni 17.1.1924

18. Mańkowski Edmund 21.10.1905

19. Życki Władysław 20.6.1920

20. Pieta Franciszek 9.12.1905

Furthermore, the following people were condemned to death on 23 November 1943 by the summary court of the Security Police for firearms possession and membership in illegal organizations, pursuant to Art. 1 and 2 of a decree of 2 October 1943 on combating offences against the reconstruction work in the General Government.

1. Wróblewski dr Józef born on 5.3.1908

2. Romanowski Henryk 22.12.1913

3. Wojtowicz Jan 14.4.1915

4. Czarnecki Kazimierz 17.2.1980

5. Jóźwiak Bolesław 25.1.1912

6. Szymoniak Marian Tadeusz 16.8.1922

7. Olszewski Zdzisław 30.9.1911

8. Godlewski Antoni 5.5.1896

9. Pietrakiewicz Aleksander 14.6.1924

10. Lipiński Henryk 1.1.1902

11. Zielnik Bogusław 16.6.1924

12. Czarnecki Kazimierz 18.10.1907

13. Kochanowski Edward 13.10.1914

14. Willich Edmund 25.2.1899

15. Ściślak Jerzy 30.11.1922

16. Szczepański Ryszard 4.4.1912

17. Nowakowski Tadeusz 28. 10.1907

18. Czajkowski Mieczysław 19.5.1898

19. Wiśniewski dr Tadeusz 12.5.1905

20. Kotlarewski Feoktist 4.1.1894

21. Kętrzyński Stanisław 10.9.1876

22. Kuckowski Zygmunt 11.11.1923

23. Dolanowski Władysław 19.12.1910

24. Motyl Władysław 25.6.1888

25. Grabarczyk Stanisław 15.4.1917

26. Antolak Stanisław 1.11.1908

27. Orzechowski Bogumił 12.12.1826

28. Kozera Mieczysław 1.12.1911

29. Panek[?] Jerzy 17.8.1918

30. Szymański Romuald 7.2.1905

Of the above listed, those assigned the numbers from 1 to 7 had already been executed for firearms possession and membership in terrorist groups. Those assigned the numbers from 8 to 32 are to be reprieved.