On 15 November 1945, in Kosów, Judge Z. Łukaszkiewicz interviewed the person specified below as a witness, without swearing him in. Having been advised of the criminal liability for making false declarations, the witness testified as follows:
|Forename and surname||Stanisław Kucharek|
|Names of parents||Stanisław|
|Place of residence||Wólka Okrąglik, Sokołów county|
|Occupation||farmer, currently village leader|
If I am not mistaken, during the haymaking period in 1942 the Germans started the construction of a camp, where, as it turned out later, Jews were killed. At that time there was already a labor camp for Poles, located not far from the Jewish camp. I have a field adjoining the area of the camp. Working in the field I could observe, from time to time, what was happening in the camp.
The area was initially not surrounded with a fence, so I could see huts being erected and pits being dug. Later, when the transports of Jews started to arrive, the fence was built and so the observation of the camp premises was more difficult. One could constantly hear terrifying screams and shooting coming from behind the fence.
I cannot say exactly when the mass transports of Jews began. I think it was at harvest time. The highest number of transports arrived towards the end of the summer, in autumn, and up to Christmas. There were still transports later, but I cannot say how many.
As for the cremation of corpses, I know that at first the Germans issued an order in accordance with which corpses were to be buried; later, the cremation of corpses started and it lasted for a long time, and, as far as I can remember continued even after the uprising. I also know that the last group of the Jewish laborers who were in the camp after the uprising ended and who worked on the liquidation of the camp (the dismantling of the huts, levelling the ground) was shot to death by the Germans in the autumn of 1943. The corpses of these laborers were not cremated but buried.
At the time the laborers were exterminated the area of the camp was manned by a Ukrainian as a “settler.” He ran his farm there until the arrival of the Red Army.
It happened that Poles were also killed in this extermination camp for Jews. Józef Podleś from our village was killed in this manner for trading with the Ukrainians. I also know that 28 men and women accused of the possession of firearms were brought from the village of Grądy. With the arrival of the Red Army until the early spring of 1945 the camp housed military storehouses and the area was closed to civilians.
The witness interview report was read out to the witness and he confirmed it by signing it on each page.